Home Page
Romanian
Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 1983 - 2012.
Preliminary Archaeological Reports

Archaeological Excavation Report

Adamclisi | County: Constanţa | Site: Cetate | Excavation Year: 2009

Excavation Year   2009
Epoch
Early Roman (1st - 3rd cent.);
Late Roman (4th - 7th cent.);
Early Medieval
Periods
Early Roman Period;
Late Roman Period;
Roman-Byzantine Period;
Early Medieval Period
Site Category
Defence;
Domestic;
Unassigned
Site Types
Habitation;
Civil habitation;
Fortified settlement;
Urban settlement;
Citadel
Map it   Find it on the Romanian map
County / District  Constanţa
Locality   Adamclisi
Commune   Adamclisi
Site  Cetate
Site Sector
Site name   Tropaeum Traiani
Persons involved and Institutions
Last nameFirst nameroleInstitution
Alexandru Nicolae
Alexiu Alexandru
Barnea Alexandru
Bodolică Vitalie
Bogdan Cătăniciu Ioana
Bucurei Adrian
Cerveanu Ionuţ
Chitea Florina
Constantin Cătălin-Petre
Constantin Monica
Constantin Robert
Dolea Alexandra
Drăghici Filica
Dragostin Monica
Gămureac Emilian
Ioane Dumitru
Ionescu Adrian Nicolae
Ionescu Mihai Severus
Mezincescu Matei
Muşat Alina
Nicolae Mirel
Pană Corina
Panaite Adriana
Papuc Gheorghe
Plederer Răzvan
Scurtu Florin
Ştefan Călin Dan
Ştefan Maria Magdalena
Talmaţchi Gabriel
National Arch. Record Site Code 60892.08
Report Studii geofizice în perimetrul şi teritoriul oraşului romano-bizantin Tropaeum Traiani
În urma protocolului de colaborare încheiat între Catedra de Istorie Antică şi Arheologie a Facultăţii de Istorie si Catedra de Geofizică a Facultăţii de Geologie şi Geofizică, din Universitatea Bucureşti, a fost stabilită colaborarea în cadrul unui proiect interdisciplinar destinat studiilor geofizice în perimetrul sitului arheologic de la Adamclisi, jud. Constanţa şi a obiectivelor de interes arheologic din teritoriul oraşului roman. Proiectul de cercetare este destinat, pe de o parte, să asigure o alternativă non-distructivă în studiul vestigiilor arheologice şi, pe de altă parte, să contribuie la formarea profesională a studenţilor geofizicieni din Facultatea de Geologie şi Geofizică, în perioada de practică.
Campania de cercetări din luna iunie 2009 a fost, în mod firesc, destinată înţelegerii în ansamblu a caracteristicilor geomorfologice şi a proprietăţilor fizice specifice mediului natural şi a structurilor modelate antropic din situl arheologic studiat. În acord cu aceste investigaţii preliminare au fost stabilite cele mai potrivite metode de achiziţie a seturilor de date geofizice.
Cercetările geofizice au fost derulate în următoarele sectoare ale sitului arheologic: Basilica Forensis, Basilica cu Transept, Sectorul de NE (Sectorul A), Sectorul de NV (Sector B - Basilica de Marmură), Via Principalis, Cardo. În afara oraşului romano-bizantin au fost executate măsurători geofizice în zona necropolei de lângă Fabrica de Diatomită de la Urluia.
În cele mai multe cazuri au fost executate măsurători si au fost colectate seturi de date multiple, prin cel puţin două metode geofizice.
- Metode magnetice - măsurarea câmpului magnetic total, măsurarea gradientului magnetic vertical;
- Metode electrice - tomografie de rezistivitate 2D, 2.5D;
- Metode electromagnetice - măsurarea conductivităţii şi măsurarea susceptibilităţii magnetice în structuri antropice situate la mica adâncime.
În vederea interpretării datelor magnetice au fost executate măsurători detaliate de susceptibilitate magnetică pe profiluri de sol atât din interiorul oraşului antic, cat şi din afara acestuia.
Suprafeţele cercetate geofizic au fost înregistrate topografic şi, în unele cazuri, au fost efectuate măsurători geodezice de detaliu pentru generarea modelelor de elevaţie ale terenului (DEM) şi pentru constrângerea topografică a modelelor geofizice.
Seturile de date colectate sunt în curs de prelucrare.
Abstract other lang.
Abstract   Since 2009, Adamclisi has became the study object of an interdisciplinary project started as a result of a collaboration protocol established between the Ancient History and Archaeology Chair of the History Faculty and the Geophysics Chair of the Geology and Geophysics Faculty, in the Bucharest University. The project has two objectives: to provide non destructive means of investigating the heritage by using geophysical methods and to contribute to the professional development of students enrolled in the Geology and Geophysics Faculty by offering them the opportunity to undertake their practice session at an archaeological site. This first campaign was used in order to establish the best methods and instruments suitable for the study of this particular site. Several investigations were made with an evaluation purpose. There were used the following methods: magnetic survey, 2D and 3D resistivity tomography, and electromagnetic methods.
Bibliography
Bibliographic notes
Source   Cronica cercetărilor arheologice din România
Editor   CIMEC
Language   RO
01-sectorA-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/10-S-XXXII.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/1-S XXV-nivel-de-calcare-zidul-N -Basilicii-A.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/2-S-XXV-nivel-de-calcare-vedere-spre-N.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/3-S-XXV-SXXVII-nivel-de-calcare-si-zid-adosat-Basilicii-A-pe-latura-de-N.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/4-SXXV-detaliu-nivel-de-calcare.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/5-detaliu-zid-nordic-adosat-Basilicii-A-pe-latura-de-N-in-coltul-de-NV.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/6-S XXVIII-S-XXXIX-S-XXX-vedere-dinspre-E.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/7-S-XXXIX-detaliu-constructie-circulara.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/8-S-XXX.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 01-sectorA-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/01-sectorA-planse/9-S-XXXI-zid-anexa-atrium-vedere-dinspre-V.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
02-sectorA-strada_planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/1-Strada-ABV-IV-AV2-Zidul-estic-anexa-edificiului-A9.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/2-Strada-ABV-IV-AV2-Zidul-estic-anexa-edificiului-A9.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/3-Strada-ABV-IV- AV2-Anexa-edificiului-A9-vedere-interiorul-edificiului-A9.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/4-Strada-ABV-IV-AV-2-Bazin-colectare-ape-pluviale.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/5-Strada-ABV-IV-AV-2-Bazin-colectare-ape-pluviale-detaliu.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/6-Strada-ABV-IV-AV-2-Canal-scurgere-ape-pluviale-bazinul-colectare.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/7-Strada-ABV-IV-AV-Vedere-ansamblu-a-strazilor-si-a-celor-doua-niveluri-de-calcare-surprinse-in-sectiun.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 02-sectorA-strada_planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/02-sectorA-strada_planse/8-Strada-ABV-IV-AV-2-studiu-megnetometric-al-sectorului-Strada AB-VIVsiAV-2-efectuat-de-drd.DanStef.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
03-sectorB-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 03-sectorB-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/03-sectorB-planse/100_0737.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 03-sectorB-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/03-sectorB-planse/100_0768_00.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 03-sectorB-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/03-sectorB-planse/100_0780_00.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 03-sectorB-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/03-sectorB-planse/100_0792.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
04-sectorCI-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 04-sectorCI-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/04-sectorCI-planse/1-Adamclisi-2009-plan.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 04-sectorCI-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/04-sectorCI-planse/2-Plan-sectiuni-edificiu-2008.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
05-sector basilica-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 05-sector basilica-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/05-sector basilica-planse/1-Planul-bazilicii-extra-muros-de-la-Tropaeum-Traiani.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 05-sector basilica-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/05-sector basilica-planse/2-Zidul-nordic-al-bazilicii-extra-muros.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 05-sector basilica-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/05-sector basilica-planse/3-Vedere-generala-a-bazilicii-dinspre-SV.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 05-sector basilica-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/05-sector basilica-planse/4-Nava-de-sud-a-bazilicii.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
06-sectorC-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/10-vedere-generala-a-zonei-cercetata-dinspre-E.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/1-S1-vedere-dinspre-E.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/2-S1-vedere-dinspre-V.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/3-S2-vedere-dinspre-V.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/4-S3-vedere-dinspre-V.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/5-S4-vedere-dinspre-E.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/6-Vedere-generala-asupra-sectorului-C.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/7-S5-detaliu.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/8-S6-detaliu.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 06-sectorC-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/06-sectorC-planse/9-S6-vedere-dinspre-E.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
07-sectorPoartaN-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/1-Aspect-de-santier-suprafata-S-III-exterior-incinta.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/2-Poarta-de-nord-sapaturi-2008.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/3-Detaliu-cu-treptele-vazute-din-spre-nord.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/4-Detaliu-cu-treptele-si-structura-de-piatra-bruta.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/5-Sapatura-la-fundatia-laturii-de-vest-a-turnului-T-4.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/6-A-11-S-IV-2009-Profilul-vest-pe-zidul-de-incinta-in-interior.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 07-sectorPoartaN-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/07-sectorPoartaN-planse/7.Sapatura-veche-partial-resapata-A-11-SV-privita-din-spre-nord.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
08-geofizica-planse
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 08-geofizica-planse.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/08-geofizica-planse/SG7.JPG' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>
09-sistematica-geofizice-poze
Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 09-sistematica-geofizice-poze.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/09-sistematica-geofizice-poze/1-Adamclisi-Tropaeum-Traiani.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 09-sistematica-geofizice-poze.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/09-sistematica-geofizice-poze/2-TT-Cetate-Adriana-b.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a> Chronicle of the Archaeological Excavations in Romania, 2009 Campaign. Report no. 1, Adamclisi, Cetate.<br /> Sector 09-sistematica-geofizice-poze.<br /><a href='http://foto.cimec.ro/cronica/2009/sistematice\001/09-sistematica-geofizice-poze/3-TT-Emilian-2009.jpg' target=_blank>Display the same picture in a new window</a>



Copyright: the authors of the reports and the National Heritage Institute, CIMEC, 2018.
Coordinating: Bogdan Şandric. Documentary - analysts: Iuliana Damian, Oana Borlean, Adriana Vîlcu. Consultant: Irina Oberländer Târnoveanu. ASP, HTML design: Cosmin Miu